Paper Money of Chihuahua

.. by Simon Prendergast

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Home The History The dos caritas $1 dos caritas - Maverick-Clarke

$1 dos caritas - Maverick-Clarke

These were 750,000 notes printed by Maverick-Clarke and dispatched on 8 May 1914. These were series A and had the red scalloped Ejército Constitucionalista seal and Type 1 vertical control letters on the face and circular black Tesorería seal on the back. The controls are a Roman numeral and letter on either side, e.g. I-C C-I, II-O O-II. The Roman numeral progresses every 10,000 notes and reaches LXXIV and the corresponding letters spell CONSTITUCION Y REFORMAS CONSTITUCION Y REFORMAS CONSTITUCION Y REFORMAS CONSTUCION Y (The TI of the fourth CONSTITUCION was missed out).

It is not known where the controls began. At present the lowest known control is XIV-R R-XIV, and notes with serial numbers up to 89405 are known without controls.

The numbering did not go completely smoothly. There was a transposition with the numbers 240001-250000 and 250001-26000. One sequence (740001-750000) has LXXXIV-Y on the left but the correct Y-LXXIV on the right.

1 10000 XXIV-N N-XXIV 250001 260000 L-U U-L 500001 510000
10001 20000 XXVI-T T-XXVI 260001 270000 LI-C C-LI 510001 520000
20001 30000 XXVII-I I-XXVII 270001 280000 LII-I I-LII 520001 530000
30001 40000 XXVIII-T T-XXVIII 280001 290000 LIII-O O-LIII 530001 540000
40001 50000 XXIX-U U-XXIX 290001 300000 LIV-N N-LIV 540001 550000
50001 60000 XXX-C C-XXX 300001 310000 LV-Y Y-LV 550001 560000
60001 70000 XXXI-I I-XXXI 310001 320000 LVI-R R-LVI 560001 570000
70001 80000 XXXII-O O-XXXII 320001 330000 LVII-E E-LVII 570001 580000
80001 90000 XXXIII-N N-XXXIII 330001 340000 LVIII-F F-LVIII 580001 590000
90001 100000 XXXIV-Y Y-XXXIV 340001 350000 LIX-O O-LIX 590001 600000
100001 110000 XXXV-R R-XXXV 350001 360000 LX-R R-LX 600001 610000
110001 120000 XXXVI-E E-XXXVI 360001 370000 LXI-M M-LXI 610001 620000
120001 130000 XXXVII-F F-XXXVII 370001 380000 LXII-A A-LXII 620001 630000
XIV-R R-XIV 130001 140000 XXXVIII-O O-XXXVIII 380001 390000 LXIII-S S-LXIII 630001 640000
XV-E E-XV 140001 150000 XXXIX-R R-XXXIX 390001 400000 LXIV-C C-LXIV 640001 650000
XVI-F F-XVI 150001 160000 XL-M M-XL 400001 410000 LXV-O O-LXV 650001 660000
XVII-0 O-XVII 160001 170000 XLI-A A-XLI 410001 420000 LXVI-N N-LXVI 660001 670000
XVIII-R R-XVIII 170001 180000 XLII-S S-XLII 420001 430000 LXVII-S S-LXVII 670001 680000
XIX-M M-XIX
180001 190000 XLIII-C C-XLIII 430001 440000 LXVIII-T T-LXVIII 680001 690000

190001 200000 XLIV-O O-XLIV 440001 450000 LXIX-U U-LXIX 690001 700000

200001 210000 XLV-N N-XLV 450001 460000 LXX-C C-LXX 700001 710000

210001 220000 XLVI-S S-XLVI 460001 470000 LXXI-I I-LXXI 710001 720000
XXII-C C-XXII 220001 230000 XLVII-T T-XLVII 470001 480000 LXXII-O O-LXXII 720001 730000
XXIII-O O-XXIII 230001 240000 XLIII-I I-XLIII 480001 490000 LXXIII-N N-LXXIII 730001 740000
XXV-S S-XXV 240001 250000 IL-T T-IL 490001 500000 LXXXIV-Y Y-LXXIV 740001 750000

The most noticeable difference between these Maverick-Clarke notes and later notes are that on the back the top border is a mirror image centred on the centre of the note and thus has eleven ‘little flowers’ (florecitas) and the side panels have three pointed designs. Later notes had an asymmetrical top, twelve florecitas and two ‘points’. Surprisingly, it was not until 2 February 1915 that Lazaro de la Garza noticed these differences and wrote to Navarro for an explanation as to why the manufacturers had made these changesLG papers, 6-E-6, letter from de la Garza, El Paso, to Navarro, Washington, 2 February 1915. However, if de la Garza knew he was comparing two different Norris Peters notes (see the second Norris Peters printing), he had more justification.

These have larger printed signatures of Treasurer Vargas and Interventor Muñoz than later issues.

It is presumed that the occasional note that has only a black Tesorería seal on the back were either issued during the middle of May before the Ejército Constitucionalist validation or  slipped through without receiving the Ejército Constitucionalista overstamp.

These notes with black seals later came under suspicion. On 22 May 1915 the Zacatecas state government sent a circular to all the jefaturas políticas as the general public had been refusing to accept $1, $5, and $10 dos caritas with black rubber seals, on the pretext that they were counterfeit, but the government insisted on their acceptance, on pain of a finePeriódico Oficial, 29 May 1915.

 

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